Refugees are people who are in Canada or abroad, who are afraid to return to their homeland. Following its humanitarian tradition and international obligations, Canada annually provides shelter to thousands of people. Canada provides a safe haven to those people who are in Canada and the fear of persecution or whose deportation would expose them to the danger of torture or jeopardize their lives.
Refugee status benefits
Once people sought refugee status in Canada, they are provided social assistance, free medical coverage and prescription drugs as well as a work permit. Children of applicants for refugee status have the right to go to school, while adults can learn English for free. Moreover, if the applicant receives social benefits, he is entitled to be taught in specialized courses, such as courses of drivers of heavy vehicles (trucks), or welders, or sign up for computer courses, etc., which are paid for by social services to facilitate the return of a person to the labor market.
Consideration of an application for Refugee status normally takes from one to two years, sometimes even longer, and applicants are entitled to all these benefits, not only during the application process. Even if they were denied after the trial, they continue to receive these benefits if you switch to the next program.
Who can apply for asylum and that the expected potential refugees?
Convention refugees are people who are outside their home country or the country where they normally live, and who are unwilling to return because of a well-founded fear of persecution based on:
- political opinion;
- nationality; or
- membership in a particular social group, such as women or people of a particular sexual orientation.
Person in need of protection
A person in need of protection is a person in Canada whose removal to their home country or country where they normally live would subject them personally to:
- a danger of torture;
- a risk to their life; or
- a risk of cruel and unusual treatment or punishment.
Options for a person that lost the refugee hearing trial
Commissioning and Project Closeout
If you made a Refugee claim and lost the trial, you are still eligible for a few other options. Canada is committed to ensuring that people being removed from Canada are not sent to a country where they would be in danger or at risk of persecution. If you are facing removal from Canada, you may be eligible for a pre-removal risk assessment. However, there is no guarantee that the applicant that lost his refuge claim will be able to pass through one of these programs.
Pre-removal risk assessment (PRRA)
If immigration authorities requested that the applicant leave Canada, he/she will be able to apply for this program. In this case, the immigration officer will review the documents relating to the applicant’s case and any other related evidence and make the decision again.
Appeal to the Federal Court of Canada
A lawyer can appeal to the Federal Court of Canada to review the decision taken in the case if the applicant has lost his/her trial.
Humanitarian and compassionate grounds
In some cases a lawyer may apply for a review on a humanitarian and compassionate grounds. Some people have received a permanent resident status of Canada on the basis of this statement.
Since the process of application for refugee status may take several years, often single people find their life partner in Canada. It is possible that the spouse of the former applicant for refugee status to thorough a family sponsorship program. Consideration for an application for sponsorship can take place both within Canada and abroad.